Located in the centre of the historic triangle of Bagamoyo, Pangani and Zanzibar, Saadani National Park covers 1100km square. It is the only wildlife sanctuary in Tanzania bordering the sea. The climate is coastal, hot and humid. It offers a unique combination of both marine and mainland flora and fauna in a culturally fascinating setting. About 30 species of larger mammals are present as well as numerous reptiles and birds. Besides many species of fish (over 40), green turtles, humpback whales and dolphins occur in the ocean nearby Gazetted in 2005, it encompasses a preserved ecosystem including the former Saadani game reserve, the former Mkwaja ranch area, the Wami River as well as the Zaraninge Forest. Many villages exist around the boundaries of the park. Before being included in the national park, the Zaraninge forest was managed by the World Wide Fund for nature (WWF) whose goal was to preserve the extremely high botanical diversity of one of the last coastal rain forests remaining in Tanzania. Saadani village once was an important harbour-town and slave trading centre in east Africa. Now it is a small Swahili fishing village with about 800 inhabitants whose livelihood is mostly fishing. Other villages adjacent to the park make their living through farming, especially coconut growing.
Sadani National park is accessible from both Zanzibar and Dar es Salaam. Mostly travellers’ access the park from Dar es Salaam as their entry point from overseas is the Julius Nyerere International Airport (DAR) near Dar es Salaam. Dar es Salaam is near about is 139.7 km. away from the national park. The cheapest way to reach Sadani National Park from Dar es Salaam is by driving to the city which takes about 3 and a half hours. It’s possible to book a charter flight to the national park. If you are in Zanzibar you can fly to Dar es Salaam which is a direct flight between both the international airports that take about 10 minutes only and from there you can hire a taxi to travel further. You can also book a taxi from Zanzibar that will take you around 3 hours and 29 minutes to reach the national park. The time duration mentioned is an approximate time from the respective places, it can take more or less time depending upon the road condition, vehicle, and weather.
The park can be visited throughout the year, yet the frontage roads are here and there blocked amid April and May. The best amusement seeing is in January and February and from June to August. However, the destination is good to visit all year round as it combines the beach and grassland. October to May is the best time for the birders as there are a lot of migratory birds that can be spotted at Sadani National Park.
Green turtles visit its shorelines to breed and lay their eggs. Visitors can see creatures lounging along the Indian Ocean Shores. Saadani is one of East Africa's most significant rearing locales for marine turtles, and dolphins are every so often observed off the shore. Sadani National Park is the only national park of East Africa that boasts an Indian Ocean beachfront. The national park is perfect for a beach holiday as well as offers a unique game drive.
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